The prostate is a gland found in every man and functions by producing secretions that aid reproduction. The prostate gland completes its development from the womb to puberty with the normal functioning of male hormones. Androgens (male hormone) have been shown to be the main factor in the growth of the prostate. Prostate enlargement is a health problem seen in approximately 50% of men after the age of 50. The incidence of prostate enlargement reaches 80% over the age of 85.
It has been shown that many factors such as genetic factors, ethnic origin, hormonal mechanisms, environmental factors and diet can cause prostate enlargement. Apart from this, aging also causes the development of prostate enlargement. Demonstration of familial predisposition also reported that prostate enlargement may be of genetic origin.
Diet has been shown to be associated with prostate enlargement. It has been reported that a diet poor in vegetables and whole grains rich in animal food and fat causes prostate enlargement. While consuming foods with high energy, rich in red meat and animal fats, and high glycemic index is not recommended for patients with prostate enlargement, vegetable-based, fibrous foods and whole grain products are recommended.